Those suffering from thyroid conditions may experience recurrent gum bleeding, easy bruising, and chronic fatigue. Hypothyroid patients have capillary blood supply alterations in gum tissues. Those suffering from thyroid issues also have enhanced periodontal bone loss as tooth-supporting alveolar bone is less sensitive to hormonal signals.
Oral Bacteria Damage the Thyroid
Oral Periogenic bacteria can cross into the blood stream through the bleeding gums causing a systemic inflammatory infection. The tissue of the gums can also become infected. This allows periodontal bacteria to enter into the blood stream, which translocate to organs of high metabolic activity, i.e. the Thyroid.
If an oral bacterial infection is not able to establish drainage through the skin surface or into the oral cavity, it may spread diffusely through the neck’s soft tissue. Once the infection descends into the neck, it may reach the thyroid gland. The spread of the oral infection to the thyroid can cause thyrotoxic symptoms: temperature changes, pale skin, excessive sweating, tremors, tiredness, rapid heart beat. The swelling of the thyroid gland can cause trouble swallowing and speaking. Dental treatment would be required to stop the infectious drainage to the thyroid.
Oral bacteria causing infections in gum tissue may threaten more than your teeth and gums. Research has established associations between oral bacteria and systemic diseases including:
- Chronic Inflammation
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Thyroid issues
- Hair loss
- Gastrointestinal disease
- Degenerative Disc disease
- Arthritis and Joint Pain
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Heart Disease
- Respiratory Disease
- Blood Clots
- Preterm and Low Birth Weight Babies
- And many more.
The theories linking oral bacteria to other diseases explain that the mouth may be a portal for bacteria to spread to the rest of your body. These theories have been confirmed through the use of microbial DNA testing with an added wrinkle. There are more than just acid loving-cavity causing bacteria in the mouth.
Multiple Conditions – One Body
You are allowed to have more than one dysfunction occurring in your body at the same time. Too many Professional and Social Media Influencers promoting their version of low thyroid or Hashimoto’s make everything a result of thyroid dysfunction. In fact, some of the diseases occurring in the body, i.e. oral bacteria periodontitis contribute to thyroid symptoms.
Patients with long standing hypothyroidism may have increased subcutaneous mucopolysaccharides due to decrease in the degradation of these substances. The presence of excess subcutaneous mucopolysaccharides may decrease the ability of small blood vessels to constrict when damaged or cut and may result in increased bleeding from infiltrated tissues, including mucosa and skin.
Patients suffering from Hypothyroidism also have poor gingival microcirculation with a reduction in the diameter of capillaries, as well as a greater number and tortuosity of capillary loops.
The successful management of periodontal conditions is beneficial for the successful treatment of thyroid conditions. The length of time from periodontal disease onset to treatment of thyroid disorders may be critical, since uncontrolled periodontal disease resulting in destruction of the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones.